Tihray* yeččuren d akasan (II)

Tabdart* n tenfaliyin* n tizɣunzar* ar lewhi n Uqvayli ɣezzifet, anida xilla i temnaḍin snulfant-d awalen-nsent. Dagi d ayen yaɛnan tamanaɣt n Lzayer u yernu d tamnaḍt deg llan aṭṭas n imezdaɣen d iqvayliyen: 180.000 iqvayliyen ak d 113000 d aɛraven*. Am akken twalam dagi, d iqvayliyen i yeqwan, maca ttuɣalen, rennun ar tama n terbaɛt n Ujda, tinna aken yeṭṭefen uḍabu si 62 ar ass-a s tawsengimt* taɛravt d tneslemt.

Maca akken qqaren, kul yiwen deg-sen yekkat ad isentel, ad yerr iman-is d aɛrav akken ur t-ttaɛqalen ara d aqvayli i yella. Teḍra yid-sen am uɣerrabu-nni* kečmen waman i tlemmast n yillel*. llan iqvayliyen yeḥsan d acu-ten, maca erran iman-nsen d wiyaḍ akken ad menɛan seg ukasan d uzɣuzer n waɛraven n izayeriyen.

Si Tnayen usettin, iqvayliyen imesdurar sɛeddan lḥers ameqran seg timiwa timtaɛrbin n tmurt n Lzayer. Lḥers-agi meṛṛa akken a ten-ertin* ar udrum aɛrav. Akk-a i teḍra ula d imzabiɣen, d icawiyen ak d icenwiyen. Ternuḍ-d diɣen imaziɣen n Lmerruk, anda ula d nutni sɛaddan ayen i yesɛadda Sidna Yub s berru n ukasan ak d uzɣuzer si tama timtruzit n imetɛarbin ttemtɛarbin-nsen.

Wigini mazal umnen belli kkan-d si Cam* deg tara n igebliwen n Banu Hilal. Ar ɣur-sen: “ usan-d aɣ-sɣermen*. Init-iyi-d, anwa i yesɣermen wayeḍ, ma d win i yzedɣen deg uxxam itett s tɣenjawt (teflut) neɣ d win i yzedɣen deg uqiḍun, itett s iḍudan-is? Qqaren-d diɣen awalen agi :“tellam qbel ad naweḍ ar tmurt-nwen, tettɛabbim iẓra, iqwerman, tzedɣem deg ifran*, di tzegwa”.

Aɛraven agi segmi i qerrben iman-nsen ar yegduden i ten-ixulfen, i ten-yifen i yuɣalen d imdanen; unfen i tsufeǧt-nni i ten-izedɣen armi i meṭṭlen ula d tullas-nsen d timudurin. Tagi d tisufeǧt i yɣelben akk tisufǧiyin. Cwi-kan ur ṭṭifen ara aḍabu udmis* d win n utiknuluji* n dunnit, wammag tili snegren igduden i ten-ixelfen, ur ten-ittcabin ara.

Lgirra n ddin ineslem n wass-a gar waɛraven, imarikaniyen d urupiyanen, ibna af tuṭṭfa n uaḍabu n dunnit sumata. Aɛraven-agi ɣur-sen aqwran, u umnen s yis belli ad ḥekmen yiwen wass amdal* u ad d-seɣlin talsa ar ddin ineslem d tutlayt taɛrabt-nsen.

Kra n tririt n regmat n iqvayliyen d teqvayliyin ula d nutni.
– Aɛraven isemmamen-
– Tarwa n mugennur-
– Derya n ḥmed-
– Tarwa n ɛica-
– Tarwa n bexta-
– Ibuɣrizen (nɣan-aɣ ibuɣrizen, anda i nerra a ten-aff am…yernu ḥemlen ad ilin yid-neɣ, ḥemlen ad zewǧen d teqcicin nneɣ ttaǧǧan timtɛarbin n tmanaɣt, yernu xilla deg-sent d tiqvayliyin timetruziyin ar idger aɛrav, atg…).
– Izukar (awal deg iseggasen n 70 n isula*n jsk deg annar mara tili temlilit ak d taɣelamt* taxṣimt, qqaren: « d akessar d usawen, izukar d imeksawen ». (ttarran medden ar umeksa mara yili ixuss deg tmusni n kra).

– Aɛrav am tbaṭaṭatt yerkan, mi tt-tegreḍ ar usaku, kra n wussan kan ad tesserku akk tacekkart-nni s lekmal-is. Wagi ttawint-id af tutlayt d tegnawit (taɛravt n ubrid): D awezɣi akken aɛrav-awal ad yelmed tutlayt taqvaylit neɣ tamaziɣt*. Ayagi yella deg idammen-nsen. Gar mraw n iqvayliyen ad yessawal yid-sen dima s tagnawit-is xas yettidir 30 iseggasen gar-asen. Ayagi tettwalimt yal as di tmeddurt-nwen.Retour ligne manuel
– Aɛrav am teqcict, ad yekkat ad yettru : meḥsub xas d netta ik-iḍelmen, ad yerr am akken d kečč it-iḍelmen.

– Yiwen waɛrav yaɛmer ssuq. (Dagi mara yili amdan ala netta i wumi ssellen ihedder).
– Win yerna waɛrav, am uzger terna tfunast, mi yesses aqerruy-is ad ihmej tamuqint n ṛṛviɛ, ad tewwet s wacciwen-is, ur t-tettaǧǧa yara ad ikes.
– Aɛrav ak yečč s draɛ neɣ s leḥlawa. Aɛrav ma yerwa ak yečč, ma yelluẓ ak yečč

* Mmi-s n Uxeldun yemmetel-iten ar wejrad. Inna: Muqlet meṛṛa timura i umzen* waɛraven : taɣerma* tezqaf*, ula d lɛamma tenger.

* Γur-sen d awezɣi akken ad llemden tutlayt nneɣ, acku kerhen-tt si zzman aqdim asmi i d-wwin asafsar nni nsen ar Tmazɣa. Si zik, d aqγayli i yellemden tutlayt tagnawi imaren teqqim-d akken ttaqdim ar ass-a. ssebbat llant mačči yiwen : kerhen-tt acku imnekcem werǧin yelmed tutlayt n wid yerkḍ. Tagi tella asmi d aḍar aberkan akk-a i yga ula d netta).

Amawal:
Tabdart: liste
Tenfaliyin: expressions
tizɣunzar: racistes
illel: océan
aɣerrabu: bateau
tawsengimt: ideologie
sɣermen: civiliser
ifran: grottes
utiknuluji: technologie
isula: supporters
amdal: monde
taɣelamt: équipe
tegnawit: taɛravt n ubrid
taɣerma:civilisation
tezqaf: disparue

* Wagi recensement 1954, walit adlis deg l’encyclopédie berbère n 1986. (Alger. Amezwar IV edisud 1986 p.472)

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse de messagerie ne sera pas publiée. Les champs obligatoires sont indiqués avec *